For usage information, please read the Baker Book House Copyright Statement. Jesus called Himself "the light of the world" (John 8:12; 9:5; 12:46); As light He was "God .... manifest in the flesh (1 Timothy 3:16 the King James Version). Jesus declares that he is "the light of the world" ( John 8:12 ; 9:5 ). This is the prophecy of Simeon concerning the Lord when He' was born. Salvation brings light to those in darkness ( Job 22:28 ; Psalm 27:1 ; Isa 9:2 ; Matt 4:15-16 ). ’Ori, translated “My light” in the Hebrew text of Psalm 27:1. It is used of angels ( 2 Corinthians 11:14 ), and of John the Baptist, who was a "burning and a shining light" ( John 5:35 ), and of all true disciples, who are styled "the light of the world" ( Matthew 5:14 ). Metaphorically, God is light because light has an extremely pure, brilliant quality. 22:5). In response to the darkness that was over the surface of the deep ( Gen 1:2 ), God spoke and light came into being. That Jehovah," as mentioned here and elsewhere in the Old Testament, is the Lord, may be seen above (AC 1343, 1736, 2156, 2329, 2921, 3023, 3035). The light in us is His light, the indwelling Christ, the Holy Spirit within us. The apostle Paul speaks of "the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ" (2 Corinthians 4:4). Jesus is the incarnate Word of God, who has come as the light that enlightens all people ( John 1:4-14 ), so that those believing in him will no longer be in darkness ( 12:46 ). - (b) The illumination of the archetypal Light before incarnation. Through the Word of God light came into existence ( Gen 1:1-3 ), and through the revelation of God in Jesus Christ the Word brought light to humanity. [4] That the Lord is light, that is, good itself and truth itself, and that thus from Him is all intelligence and wisdom, consequently all salvation, is evident from many passages in the Word, as in John:--. Light symbolizes the holy God. It follows that believers are a light to the world as well. Isaiah 5:20 describes a moral confusion and blindness, which cannot distinguish light from darkness. Although Satan can disguise himself as "an angel of light, " Christians live in the true light of salvation, laying aside the deeds of darkness and putting on the protective "armor of light" ( Rom 13:12 ). The ancient Hebrews had "oil for the light" (Exodus 25:6; 35:8; Leviticus 24:2) and lamps (Exodus 35:14; Matthew 5:15). Mine eyes have seen Thy salvation, which Thou hast prepared before the face of all peoples, a light for revelation to the Gentiles, and the glory of Thy people Israel (Luke 2:30-32). The contrast of light and darkness is common to all of the words for "light" in both Old and New Testaments (esp. Borrowed from the natural world, it is, nevertheless, inherently suited to portray spiritual realities. For this reason the Scriptures use "light" largely in the figurative sense. "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". General Editor. This blog examines the words of Jesus Christ in Matthew 5:14-16. No one puts a lamp under a bowl because a lamp is designed to help people see in dark places. [7] That all the light of heaven, consequently wisdom and intelligence, is from the Lord, is thus taught in John:--. Scripture often uses light as a symbol of the saving presence of God in a fallen world, with darkness being used as a … In Matthew 5:14, Jesus tells His disciples, "You are the light of the world". While light is not itself divine, it is often used metaphorically for life ( Psalm 56:13 ), salvation ( Isa 9:2 ), the commandments ( Prov 6:23 ), and the divine presence of God ( Exod 10:23 ). It is about what it means to be a light of the world and how to be a light to other people. It encompasses all that is pure, good, and holy, as opposed to the darkness of evil. The light of Israel shall be for a fire, and his Holy One for a flame (Isa. goodness, righteousness, truth; (2) "light in the Lord" (Ephesians 5:8), indicating the source of light (compare Isaiah 2:5); (3) "inheritance of the saints in light" (Colossians 1:12), a present experience issuing in heaven; (4) "Father of lights" (James 1:17), signifying the Creator of the heavenly bodies; (5) "marvellous light" (1 Peter 2:9), the light of God's presence and fellowship; (6) "Walk in the light" (1John 1:7), in the light of God's teaching and companionship; (7) "abideth in the light" (1John 2:10), in love, Divine and fraternal; (8) "Light of the glorious gospel of Christ "; "light of the knowledge of the glory of God" (2 Corinthians 4:4,6 the King James Version). Our lives are to be an on-going witness to the reality of Christ's presence in our lives. Salem Media Group. Darkness is the opposite of … 10:17). 9:2); from which passages it is very plain that the Lord as to the Divine good and truth in the Divine Human, is called light. 49:6). Last week we saw from verses 3 and 4 that John makes the message of Christ (call it theology, or doctrine) the basis of all significant Christian fellowship. It stood for revelation, and thummim for truth. The origin of light thus finds its explanation in the purpose and very nature of God whom John defines as not only the Author of light but, in an all-inclusive sense, as light itself: The word "light" is Divinely rich in its comprehensiveness and meaning. In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and God was the Word; in Him was life, and the life was the light of men. As "light" we are to illuminate or make visible. The Meaning of White in the Bible. John 1:9, ESV: "The true light, which gives light to everyone, was coming into the world." Its material splendor is used throughout the Scriptures as the symbol and synonym of all that is luminous and radiant in the mental, moral and spiritual life of men and angels; while the eternal God, because of His holiness and moral perfection, is pictured as "dwelling in light unapproachable" (1 Timothy 6:16). The sun shall be no more thy light by day, neither for brightness shall the moon give light unto thee, denotes that this will be the case with the things not of natural, but of spiritual light, which is signified by Jehovah being an everlasting light. There are at least three grammatical translations of this verse. E. R. Achtemeier, Int 17 (1963): 439-49; F. G. Carver, Wesleyan Theological Journal23 (1986): 7-32; H. Conzelmann, TDNT, 9:310-58; D. Guthrie, New Testament Theology; H.-C. Hahn et al., NIDNTT, 2:484-96; G. Hawthorne, R. P. Martin, and D. G. Reid, Dictionary of Paul and His Letters; G. E. Ladd, A Theology of the New Testament; G. Wenham, Genesis 1-15. The severest plague in Egypt next to the slaying of the firstborn was the plague of darkness which fell upon the Egyptians (Exodus 10:23). When natural light fails, man by discovery or invention provides himself with some temporary... (3) Miraculous Light. "Man goeth forth unto his work and to his labor until the evening" (Psalms 104:23). Without His illumination, we would walk in darkness as the world walks (2 Corinthians 2:14). They are written by some of the most knowledgeable theologians in … "The Word was God" (John 1:1). Miraculous, also, even though through natural agency, was the "pillar of fire" that gave light to the Israelites escaping from Pharaoh (Exodus 13:21; 14:20; Psalms 78:14), "He led them .... all the night with a light of fire." Light and life are almost synonymous to the inhabitants of Palestine, and in the same way darkness and death. 21:2, 23). Every phase of the word, from the original light in the natural world to the spiritual glory of the celestial, is found in Holy Writ. 17:2). Inspire your mind with daily Bible verses. In the Word frequent mention is made of light, and by this in the internal sense is signified the truth which is from good but in the supreme internal sense there is signified the Lord Himself, because He is good and truth itself. Yet a little while is the light with you walk while ye have the light, lest darkness seize upon you; while ye have the light, believe in the light, that ye may be sons of light (John 12:35, 36). Jesus said, I am the light of the world he that followeth Me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life (John 8:12). The people that sat in darkness saw a great light, and to them that sat in the region and shadow of death, did light spring up (Matthew 4:16; Isa. Time is reckoned from sunset to sunset. Its velocity is astonishing, as it passes through a space of nearly twelve millions of miles in a minute. or [r/a]; Gk. The color white represents righteousness because of its purity of color and light. Also in the prophecies of the Old Testament, as in Isaiah:--. Translators have employed “righteousness” in rendering several biblical words into English: sedaqah, sedeq, in Hebrew; and dikaiosune and euthutes. Moreover this light illumines the understanding of man, especially that of a regenerate man; but it is not perceived by man so long as he is in the life of the body, because of the light of the world, which then is regnant. Bibliography. The Bible isn’t really a book about the creation of the heavens as much as it’s a book about how to get to heaven, but Genesis 1:1 isn’t the actual beginning. Arise, shine, for thy light is come, and the glory of Jehovah is risen upon thee. He saw that the light was good. While both the Old Testament and New Testament describe the future of the ungodly in terms of eschatological darkness, symbolizing perdition, they equally describe the future glory for believers in terms of light. When they go to other lands of clouded skies their only thought is to return to the brightness and sunshine of their native land. "All the more joyous emotions of the mind, all the pleasing sensations of the frame, all the happy hours of domestic intercourse were habitually described among the Hebrews under imagery derived from light" ( 1 Kings 11:36 ; Isaiah 58:8 ; Esther 8:16 ; Psalms 97:11 ). Choose from 113 Bible Commentaries freely available online at for sermon, Bible study, and Sunday school preparation. (Ephesians 3:9,10). Live as children of light for the fruit of the light is found in all that is good and right and true" ( Eph 5:8-9 ). Paul intentionally contrasts the old life in darkness with new life in the light in Christ Jesus ( Eph 4:17-24 ). Bible verses about light In the beginning God said, “Let there be light,” and there was light. As "salt", the Christian is to counteract the power of sin. We have a perfect and complete union of the ideas of Creation, God’s Word, Light, and Life. "The light of Israel will be for a fire, and his Holy One for a flame" (Isaiah 10:17). The brightness that enables sight in the darkness. J esus said we are the light of the world, and we’re commanded to walk in the light, so what does it mean and how can we do it?. Bibliography Information The day's labor closes with the coming of darkness. The one who has come into the light of Jesus Christ is brought into the ethical life characterized by light (cf. Take your Bible with me, would you, and turn to Ephesians, chapter 5, and we’d like to look at verses 8 to 14, this morning – Ephesians 5, verses 8 through 14. Something akin, possibly, to the all-pervasive electro-magnetic activity of the aurora borealis penetrated the chaotic night of the world. The Gentiles were to come to her light (Isaiah 60:3). Light (1) Natural Light. In the threefold essence of His being God is Life (zoe) (John 5:26; 6:57); God is Love (agape) (1John 4:8); God is Light (phos) (1John 1:5). The New Testament resonates with these themes, so that the holiness of God is presented in such a way that it is said that God "lives in unapproachable light" ( 1 Tim 6:16 ). God is styled "the Father of lights" ( James 1:17 ). (c) For the most part, however, light and life go together. In Ephesians, Christ, who is the Light of the world, is the Head of the church, the latter being His body through which His glory is to be manifested to the world, "to make all men see," etc. As the predicted Messiah, He was to be "for alight of the Gentiles" (Isaiah 42:6; 49:6). His birth was the fulfillment of this prophecy (Luke 2:32). Throughout the Old Testament light is regularly associated with God and his word, with salvation, with goodness, with truth, with life. Life, joy, activity and all blessings are dependent upon light. In the moral realm the enlightenment of these faculties is dependent wholly on the renewal of the spirit. The Bible begins with God’s first command, "Let there be light" (Gen 1:3) and ends with God Himself revealed as the Eternal Light of Heaven (Rev 22:5). His face as the sun was the Divine good; His raiment as the light was the Divine truth. 1915. The Word was the Divine truth, thus the Lord Himself as to the Divine Human, concerning which it is said that that Word was with God, and God was the Word. "In thy light .... we see light" (Psalms 36:9); "The life was the light of men" (John 1:4). The bible says…men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil. These images in Matthew 5:13, 14, 15 and 16 immediately follow the Beatitudes and are often interpreted as referring to Jesus' expectations of his disciples. (6) prosperity, relief (Esther 8:16; Job 30:26), in contrast with the calamities of the wicked whose "light .... shall be put out" (Job 18:5); (7) joy and gladness (Job 3:20; Psalms 97:11; 112:4); (8) God's favor, the light of thy countenance" (Psalms 4:6; 44:3; 89:15), and a king's favor (Proverbs 16:15); (1) "fruit of the light" (Ephesians 5:9), i.e. “Light represents what is good, true and holy,” the NIV Study Bible explains, “while darkness represents what is evil and false.” Satan’s goal was to defeat Jesus, but Light defeated him. "Light," figuratively used, has to do preeminently with spiritual life, including also the illumination that floods all the faculties of the soul: intellect, conscience, reason, will. Darkness is the universal symbol and condition of sin and death; light the symbol and expression of holiness. Light brightens up dark places, exposing evil and danger and eliminating deception and falsehood. Isaiah 42:6 - “I am the Lord, I have called You (the Messiah) in righteousness [for a righteous purpose],I will also take You by the hand and keep watch over You,And I will appoint You as a covenant to the people [Israel],As a light to the nations (Gentiles), The Bible states that Jesus was greater than the largest possible oil lamp – He was the Light of the world. The Hebrews had a way of "doubling-up" or "doubling-over" a word, a term, a phrase, so that one would emphasize the other, despite both meaning essentially the same thing. Verse 9. phos [fw'"]). Education that enlightens the mind may leave the moral man untouched. Hence "to be in the light" means simply "to live" — both life eternal and life temporal. In order to create and nurture deep Christian fellowship you have to talk about who you think Christ is and what he taught. But he who practices the truth comes to the Light, so that his deeds may be manifested as having been wrought in God.” Ephesians 5:8-9 for you were formerly darkness, but now you are Light in the Lord; walk as children of Light (for the fruit of the Light consists in all goodness and righteousness and truth), ATS Bible Dictionary. John came to bear witness of the light; he was not that light, but came that he might bear witness of the light. That ethereal agent or matter which makes objects perceptible to the sense of seeing, but the particles of which are separately invisible. At the future appearing of the Lord Jesus Christ all darkness will be dispelled, and believers will walk in purity, peace, and joy in the light of the living God. 20 For every one that doeth evil hateth the light, neither cometh to the light, So, from the very onset of creation, God defined light as good , and separated it from darkness. Christ, the eternal Word (logos, John 1:1), who said "Let there be light" (Genesis 1:3), is Himself the "effulgence of (God's) glory" (Hebrews 1:3), "the light which lighteth every man, coming into the world" (John 1:9) (compare the statements concerning Wisdom in The Wisdom of Solomon 7:25 f and concerning Christ in Hebrews 1:3; and see CREEDS; LOGOS; JOHANNINE THEOLOGY; WISDOM). Moreover there actually is light in heaven, but infinitely brighter than the light on earth (AC 1053, 1117, 1521-1533, 1619-1632); and in this light spirits and angels see one another, and by means of it is displayed all the glory which is in heaven. Christ's words and actions showed the true nature of the world around Him. This distinction rarely obtains in the Bible, which deals with man as a spiritual being and looks upon his faculties as interdependent in their action. “You are the light of the world. Its characteristics are beauty, radiance, utility. (c) The Jew who possessed the law mistakenly supposed he was "a light of them that are in darkness" (Romans 2:19). Orr, James, M.A., D.D. Spiritual illumination is a kind of “creation” that occurs in a human heart. I have given thee for a light of the Gentiles, that thou mayest be My salvation, unto the end of the earth (Isa. The Gentiles shall walk to thy light, and kings to the brightness of thy rising (Isa. A city set on a hill cannot be … of [9] And that He is the light of heaven He also manifested to the three disciples, Peter, James, and John, at His transfiguration, when His face did shine as the sun, and His raiment became as the light (Matt. LIGHT, n. lite. He that seeth Me seeth Him that sent me I am come a light into the world, that whosoever believeth in Me may not abide in the darkness (John 12:46, 46). [3] As regards the very origin of light, this has been from eternity from the Lord alone; for Divine good itself and Divine truth, from which light comes, is the Lord. Some rabbis thought that “Light” was a title for the coming Messiah (Christ). The literal contrast between metaphysical good and evil, God and evil forces, believers and unbelievers. It is a symbol of God, His children, truth, faith, righteousness, etc. The Bible entertains no thought that darkness is equal in power to God's light. THE LIGHT OF TRUTH Beyond the physical element, light in the Bible stands for spiritual illumination and truth. Thus Christ, the logos, manifesting the three aspects of the Divine Nature, is Life, Love and Light, and these three are inseparable and constitute the glory. Again:--. Let your light shine before men in such a way that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father who is in heaven” ( Matthew 5:14-16, NASB ). Darkness and light are evocative words in Hebrew. I Am the Light of the World After the woman who was caught committing adultery (John 7:53-8:11) had left, Jesus spoke to the crowd. In Palestine there is hardly a day in the whole year when the sun does not shine for some part of it, while for five months of the year there is scarcely an interruption of the sunshine. (lampas) in the upper chamber" at Troas, where Paul preached until midnight (Acts 20:8); so Jeremiah 25:10 the Revised Version (British and American), "light of the lamp;" the King James Version, "candle.". God gives "the light of the knowledge of (his) glory in the face of Jesus Christ" (2 Corinthians 4:6), and this salvation is called "the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ" (2 Corinthians 4:4). The holy city New Jerusalem, descending from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband, hath no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it the glory of God will enlighten it, and the Lamb is the lamp thereof (Rev. And the light shineth in darkness; and the darkness comprehended it not. A city set on a hill cannot be hidden; nor does anyone light a lamp and put it under a basket, but on the lampstand, and it gives light to all who are in the house. The glory of His holiness and presence is the "everlasting light" of the redeemed in heaven (Isaiah 60:19,20; Revelation 21:23,14; 22:5). Job 24:13,16 has to do exclusively with man's moral attitude to truth: "rebel against the light"; "know not the light." 60:1, 3). God is the absolute Sovereign who rules over the darkness and the powers of evil. In Matthew 5:14-16, Jesus compares his followers to light, saying we "are the light of the world," unable to be hidden. Believers are "sons of light" ( John 12:36 ; Eph 5:8 ; 1 Thess 5:5 ). Christ is thus the Teacher, Enlightener ("Christ shall give thee light," Ephesians 5:14 the King James Version), Guide, Saviour of men. Light is always something good and positive in Scripture. The sun shall be no more thy light by day, neither for brightness shall the moon give light unto thee but Jehovah shall be unto thee an everlasting light, and thy God thy glory thy sun shall no more go down, neither shall thy moon withdraw itself, for Jehovah shall be thine everlasting light (Isaiah 60:19, 20). In the Beginning. A Light to the World. God’s first spoken words in the Bible brought forth both light and life. Paul concurs as he harks back to the creation account: "For God, who said, Let light shine out of darkness, ' make his light shine in our hearts to give us the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Christ" ( 2 Cor 4:6 ). This is the judgment, that light is come into the world, but men loved the darkness rather than the light (John 3:19), where light denotes the Divine truth. A biblical commentary is a written systematic series of explanations and interpretations of Scripture. All rights reserved. That was the true light which enlighteneth every man that cometh into the world (John 1:1, 4, 7-9). ), and the glorious inheritance of the redeemed ( Colossians 1:12 ; Revelation 21:23-25 ). It frequently signifies instruction ( Matthew 5:16 ; John 5:35 ). (1) the eye, "The light of the body is the eye" (Matthew 6:22, the King James Version; Luke 11:34); (2) watchfulhess, "Let your lights (the Revised Version (British and American) "lamps") be burning," the figure being taken from the parable of the Virgins; (3) protection, "armor (Romans 13:12), the garment of a holy and Christ-like life; (4) the sphere of the Christian's daily walk, "inheritance of the saints in light" (Colossians 1:12); (5) heaven, for the inheritance just referred to includes the world above in which "the Lamb is the light thereof". The Greek word for Light is Phos, any and every form of light. [7] That all the light of heaven, consequently wisdom and intelligence, is from the Lord, is thus taught in John:-- The Gentiles shall walk to thy light, and kings to the brightness of thy rising (Isa. Luke 16:8 ; John 3:19-21 ; 12:36 ; 2 Cor 6:14 ; Col 1:12-14 ; 1 Thess 5:5 ; 1 Peter 2:9 ). God, by His presence and grace, is to us a "marvellous light" (1 Peter 2:9). The truly Christian life is a life of light. Proud member The Johannine writings gather up the Old Testament understanding of light and show its summation in Jesus Christ (thirty-three of the seventy-two occurrences of phos [fw'"] in the New Testament are found in the Johannine literature). Theirs is the land of sunshine. Study for just 21 minutes every day, read the Holy Bible and listen to God’s Words, will greatly help you grow your faith step by step. When the appalling plague of "thick darkness," for three days, enveloped the Egyptians, terrified and rendered them helpless, "all the children of Israel had light in their dwellings" (Exodus 10:23). L. lux, light and luceo, to shine. The seven churches of Asia were revealed to John, by the Spirit, as seven golden candlesticks, and her ministers as seven stars, both luminous with the light of the Gospel revelation. It is significant that this pre-Christian prophet was termed luchnos, while the disciples of the new dispensation are called phos (Matthew 5:14): "Ye are the light of the world.". God Is Light. In the first creative act, "God saw that the light was good" ( Gen 1:3 ).

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